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General Philosophy
Faculty Reading List

Subjects to be studied include: knowledge, scepticism, perception, induction, primary and secondary qualities, the relation of mind and body, personal identity, free will.

Recommended Core Readings

Knowledge:

E. Gettier, 'Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?', Analysis v.23 1963, pp.121-123. Reprinted in Michael Huemer (ed.) Epistemology: Contemporary Readings (Routledge 2002), Chapter 8, pp.444-446; also in Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske (eds.) Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology (OUP 2000).

A. J. Ayer, The Problem of Knowledge (Macmillan / Penguin, 1956, reprinted Penguin 1990), Chapter 1, pp.7-35.

D. M. Armstrong, 'The Thermometer Model of Knowledge', in Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske (eds.) Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology (OUP 2000), pp.72-85, first published in Armstrong Belief, Truth and Knowledge (CUP, 1973), pp.162-175,178-183.
Or:
A. Goldman, ‘A Causal Theory of Knowing’, The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 64, No. 12. (June 1967), pp.357-372. Reprinted in Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske (eds.) Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology (OUP 2000). Available online (Electronic Journals (TD-Net) and (JStor))

L. BonJour, 'Externalist Theories of Empirical Knowledge', Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5 (1980), pp.53-73. Reprinted in Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske (eds.) Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology (OUP 2000).

Scepticism:

R. Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (trans. J. Cottingham), Meditation I. Available online (Past Masters)

B. Stroud, The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism (OUP 1984), Chapters 1,2, pp.1-82. Available online (OSO)

G. E. Moore, 'Proof of an External World', in Michael Huemer (ed.) Epistemology: Contemporary Readings (Routledge 2002), Chapter 9, pp.602-605. First published in Proceedings of the British Academy 25 (1946), reprinted: Moore, Philosophical Papers, (Allen & Unwin 1959), Chapter 7, pp.127-150.

H. Putnam, 'Brains in a Vat', in Michael Huemer (ed.) Epistemology: Contemporary Readings (Routledge 2002), Chapter 9, pp.524-538; also in Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske (eds.) Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology (OUP 2000). First published in Putnam Reason Truth and History (CUP 1981), Chapter 1, pp.1-21.

Perception:

G. Berkeley, Principles of Human Knowledge, sects. 1 25. Available online (Past Masters)

A. J. Ayer, The Problem of Knowledge (Penguin/Macmillan 1956, reprinted Penguin 1990), Chapter 3, pp.91-148.

J. L. Austin, Sense and Sensibilia (OUP 1962), pp.i-ix,1-144. To be available online (Past Masters)

P. F. Strawson, 'Perception and Its Objects', in Jonathan Dancy (ed.) Perceptual Knowledge (OUP 1988), Chapter 5, pp.92-112. First published, in G.F.MacDonald (ed.), Perception and Identity: Essays Presented to A.J. Ayer (Macmillan 1979), Chapter 2, pp.41-60. Also in Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske (eds.) Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology (OUP 2000). Also in Alva Noë and Evan Thompson, Vision and Mind (MIT Press 2002), Chapter 6, pp.91-110.

Primary and Secondary Qualities:

J. Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book II, Chapter viii. Available online (Past Masters)

E. J. Lowe, Routledge philosophy guidebook to Locke on human understanding (Routledge 1995), Chapter 3, pp.35-59. To be available online (Routledge e-books)

J. Bennett, Learning from Six Philosophers (OUP 2003), Volume 2, Chapter 25, pp.74-89. Available online (OSO)
Or:
J. L. Mackie, Problems from Locke (OUP 1976), Chapter 1, pp.7-33. Available online (OSO)
Or:
J. Bennett, Locke, Berkeley, Hume (OUP 1971), Chapter 4, pp.89-123.

D. M. Armstrong, A Materialist Theory of the Mind, (Routledge 1968), Chapter 12, pp.270-290. To be available online (Routledge e-books)

Induction:

D. Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, sects. IV V. Available online (Past Masters)

B. Russell, The Problems of Philosophy (OUP 1912), Chapter 6, pp.60-69.

P. F. Strawson, Introduction to Logical Theory (Methuen 1952), Chapter 9, pp.233-263.

D. H. Mellor ,‘The warrant of induction’, in D.H. Mellor Matters of metaphysics, Chapter 15, pp.268 (CUP, 1991). Available on-line, and as audio: Text and Recording of Lecture

N. Goodman, 'The New Riddle of Induction', in Fact, Fiction and Forecast (Harvester 1979), repr. in Michael Huemer (ed.) Epistemology: Contemporary Readings (Routledge 2002).

Mind and Body:

R. Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (trans. J. Cottingham), Meditations II and VI. Available online (Past Masters)

G. Ryle, The Concept of Mind (Penguin 1963), Chapter 1, pp.13-25, reprinted in David Rosenthal (ed.) The Nature of Mind (OUP 1991) as Chapter 4, ‘Descartes’ Myth’, pp.51-57.

P. F. Strawson, 'Self, Mind and Body', in Freedom and Resentment (Methuen 1974), Chapter 8, pp.169-177, reprinted in David Rosenthal (ed.) The Nature of Mind (OUP 1991), Chapter 5, pp.58-62.

P. Smith and O. R. Jones, The Philosophy of Mind (CUP 1986), part I. pp.1-67.
Or:
P. Carruthers, Introducing persons: theories and arguments in the philosophy of mind (Croom Helm 1986/Routledge1989), Chapter 2, pp.39-67. Available online (Routledge e-books)
Or:
P. Carruthers, The nature of the mind: an introduction (Routledge 2004), Chapter 2, pp.36-72

Personal Identity:

J. Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book II, ch. xxvii. Available online (Past Masters)

B. Williams, 'The Self and the Future', in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 79, No. 2. (Apr.1970), pp. 161-180. Reprinted: Problems of the Self (CUP 1973), Chapter 4, pp.46-63; Also in, Raymond Martin and John Barresi (eds.) Personal Identity (Blackwell 2003), Chapter 1, pp.75-91. Available online (Electronic Journals (TD-Net) and (JStor))

D. Parfit, 'Why Our Identity is Not What Matters', D. Parfit Reasons and Persons (OUP 1984), Chapter 12, pp.245-280. Reprinted in Raymond Martin and John Barresi (eds.) Personal Identity (Blackwell 2003), Chapter 3, pp.115-143. Available online (OSO)

P. Snowdon, 'Persons, Animals , and Ourselves', in Christopher Gill (ed.) The Person and the Human Mind (OUP 1990), Chapter 4, pp.83-107. Reprinted in Tim Crane and Katalin Farkas (eds) Metaphysics: a guide and anthology (OUP 2004), Chapter 43, pp.578-596.
Or:
Eric T. Olson. The human animal: personal identity without psychology (OUP 1997), Chapter 5, pp.94-123. Available on-line (OSO)

Free Will:

D. Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, sect. viii. Available online (Past Masters)

A. J. Ayer, 'Freedom and Necessity', in Ayer, Philosophical Essays (Macmillan, 1954), Chapter 12, pp.271-284, originally published in Polemic 5 (1946). Reprinted, Gary Watson (ed.) Free Will (1st edition) (OUP 1982), Chapter 1, pp.15-23.

H. Frankfurt, 'Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility', The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 66, No. 23. (Dec. 4, 1969), pp.829-839. Reprinted in Gary Watson (ed.) Free Will (2nd edition) (OUP 2002), Chapter 8, pp.167-176. Available online (Electronic Journals (TD-Net) and (JStor))

G. Watson, Introduction to Free Will (2nd edition) (OUP 2002), pp.1-25.

Last revised 22/9/2004, tidied by PJRM 18/9/2007